Sports medicine, for athletes ranging from weekend warriors to World-Class Olympians, has proven to be another area where pharmacy compounding has shown to be very useful. For example, compounded medications can be used to treat sports-related pain, inflammation, muscle spasms, bacterial/fungal infections, and neuralgia. In addition, compounded medications can help treat excessive sweating, can be used for pre-game rubs, and can be used with iontophoresis and phonophoresis technologies, which are used to enhance drug penetration through the skin. Compounded medications allow personalized treatment and the options are unlimited as formulations are customizable in terms of dosage, method of administration, the number of active ingredients, absorption, and more.
Many preparations are commercially available to help manage pain, inflammation, and muscle spasms, but they can cause undesirable side effects. However, these medications, when used topically, can provide better therapeutic benefit with fewer unwanted side effects.
Treatment options may include:
- Topical NSAIDs such as ibuprofen
- Topical anesthetics such as LET gel (lidocaine, epinephrine, tetracaine)
- Medications for iontophoresis and phonophoresis such as steroids, dexamethasone, NSAIDS, local anesthetics, salicylates, and individual substances such as zinc oxide, iodine, acetic acid, and calcium chloride
- Medications used for pre-game rubs such as emu oil and anti-spasmodic drugs
- Medications for excessive sweating
- Nutritional Supplements
- Rehydration Drinks
Reviewed: September 22, 2014
- Updated: October 15, 2018
- Reviewed by: Beth Bolt, RPh
- References: Nina Rogers & Kate Rowland. An alternative to oral NSAIDs -acute musculoskeletal injuries. J Fam Pract. Mar 2011; 60(3): 147-48.Lacerations. The Merck Manuel. Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Whitehouse Station, N.J. 2014.3) Tiziano Marovino. Iontophoresis in Pain Management. Vertical Health Media.
- Source: RxWiki
- Managing Editor: Anyssa Garza, PharmD